A Major Contribution to Social Anthropology, Ontology, Moral Philosophy, Psychology, Sociology, Political Theory and Many Other Fields of Scientific Investigation

Those who hate gardening need a theory. Not to garden without a theory is a shallow, unworthy way of life.

A theory must be convincing and scientific. Yet to various people, various theories are convincing and scientific. Therefore we need a number of theories.

The alternative to not-gardening without a theory is to garden. However, it is much easier to have a theory than actually to garden.

Leszek Kołakowski, Modernity on Endless Trial, Chicago:  1990.

The whole brief paper can be read in a bootleg version. Theories of not-gardening  briefly expounded are marxist, psychoanalytical, existentialist, structuralist and analytical philosophy.

With thanks to William for inadvertently reminding me of the existence of this gem. The application of the approach to public sector change management is left as an exercise for the reader.


  1. This is marvellous. Leaving aside general applicability to Cabinet Office, other bossy/centralising bits of Whitehall IDEA, LGA, and various Colleges, Societies etc this will be very useful in moral wrestling over gardening with my landlady.

Comments are closed.